AbC in through its research and consultancy programs, generate unique publications which are vital for both academics, researchers and general public.


 

Indiscriminate and/or Illegal river sand mining with the recent boom in the construction industry has created a large number of social and environmental problems in Sri Lanka. An EEPSEA (Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia) study has attempted to identify policy options for sustainable river sand mining that minimize environmental degradation while meeting the requirements of industry and local people.

Population explosion after the Second World War led to severe loss of elephant habitats as more lands were brought into cultivation to provide food. This is a problem since elephants are designed to live an d roam in wide areas of forest. They have large biological ranges and migrate seasonally with the availability of water and foods. As a result, elephants have been “Squeezed” into protected areas where there is less room for them to feed and roam. This human encroachment into elephant habitats is the primary cause of conflict because elephants now complete with the rural poor for scarce land and water resources.

Electric fencing is considered as the most effective measure in mitigating the human-elephant conflict. Although a substantial number of electric fences have been established in Sri Lanka during past few decades, still the conflict continues. In this context, this EEPSEA funded research project first estimated the level of success of electric fencing and then identified the factors affecting the success. The study emphasizes the need of having an integrated approach with proper land use planning and habitat enrichment in solving the human-elephant conflict where electric fence is an important component.

A financial transfer scheme has been identified as a viable solution to the human-elephant conflict (HEC) by a study funded by the Poverty Reduction and Environmental Management Programme, Vjire University. A series of stakeholder workshops and focus group discussions with insurance companies, government officers, conservation groups and farming community were held to develop a financial transfer scheme. Hasthi Uvaduru Rekawaranaya is the final outcome this exercise.

Indiscriminate and/or Illegal river sand mining with the recent boom in the construction industry has created a large number of social and environmental problems in Sri Lanka. An EEPSEA (Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia) study has attempted to identify policy options for sustainable river sand mining that minimize environmental degradation while meeting the requirements of industry and local people.