Faculty of Agriculture Undergraduate Research Symposium

Faculty of Agriculture

Faculty of Agriculture

Guidelines for Preparing the Abstract

Limit of the abstract
Abstract must not exceed one page and must be submitted using MS Word 2010.


  • Paper size      : B 5
  • Margins          : Left margin 2.5 cm & all other (top, bottom and right) - 2.0 cm
  • Font               : Times New Roman
  • Spelling          : British type
  • Line spacing   : Single
  • Spacing          : Before 0 pt, After 0 pt
  • Abbreviations : Should be cited in full at first occurrence except for standards.
No figures, tables, equation or models are allowed in the abstract.

Body of the abstract

  • Font               : Times New Roman
  • Font Size        : 12

The letters should be in boldface and centre aligned with the first letter of each word is capitalized. If scientific names of organisms are included they should be written in italics. If common vernacular names follow the scientific name, they should be included in parentheses. One line space should be left below the title.

Names and Affiliation

  • Font               : Times New Roman
  • Font Size        : 11

Name/s of author/s should be in boldface, lowercase letters (except initials and the first letter of the name/s) and centre aligned. Initials (each initial should be followed by a full-stop and a space) or the first name should be followed by the surname/ last name. No line space between names and affiliations. Names of all co-authors should be followed by superscript numbers after the names and display addresses at the bottom of the page as a footnote. The e-mail address of the corresponding author should appear directly below the co-author's affiliations using an asterisk in the footnote.

Content of the abstract

  • Font               : Times New Roman
  • Font Size        : 11

Start the abstract leaving two line spaces after the affiliation. Abstracts should be written with a maximum of 300 words in a single paragraph without sub-titles /and sub- headings and justified. Open the abstract with objectives and make the abstract intelligible and stand alone.

Cardinal numbers

  • All whole and decimal numbers should be expressed as numerals rather than words (e.g., 5 tests, 8 cows). Numerals should also be used to designate mathematical relationships, such as ratios and multiplication factors (e.g., 6:1, 2-fold).
  • Cardinal numbers should be spelled in the following cases: When a number begins a sentence or is in a title.

Ordinal numbers

  • In general, spell out single-digit ordinals (e.g., fifth week) as adjectives of adverbs.
  • Express more than single digit ordinals in numeric form (90th percentile)


  • International System of Units (SI) should be used and a space must be left between the value and the unit (e.g. per ha as 25/ha, 0.5 molar concentration as 0.5 M, millilitres as mL, hours as h)


  • Use zeros left of the decimal for numbers less than 1 (e.g., 0.2 kg).
  • Numbers of 4 digits or more use a comma separator (e.g., 5,999 kg).
  • Measures must be in the metric system.

Statistical Analyses
In reporting the statistical analyses the terms "significant" needs to be indicated with P value; P<0.05 or P<0.01.


Source of funding only may be acknowledged and should be stated separately after the text as a single sentence in italics. One line space should be left between the text and the acknowledgement. Font: Times New Roman, Font size: 11


Maximum of 5 keywords should be included under the sub-title 'Keywords:' at the end of the abstract. One line space should be left above the keywords. Font: Times New Roman, Font size: 11

Non- English & Technical Terms

Should be in italics

Guidelines for Poster

Sample Abstract